Articles, Links
& Books

Parkinson's Disease

Muhammad Ali Parkinson Center website:

Resource for people with Parkinson’s Disease & their families.

Parkinson’s Disease books and videos by John Argue:

I’ve been to John Argue’s class – he’s innovative and effective. Book & video are great resources for anyone with Parkinson’s Disease.

Parkinson’s Disease books by Gary Guten:

Gary N. Guten, MD, MA is a friend and one of my heros. Here are some of his books:

Contact us if you would like to either be included on this resource page or have a recommendation.



Effects of walking poles on lower extremity gait mechanics.

Effective gait patterns for offloading the medial compartment of the knee.

Trekking poles increase physiological responses to hiking without increased perceived exertion.

Acute responses to using walking poles in patients with coronary artery disease.

Effects of hiking downhill using trekking poles while carrying external loads.

Self-guided brisk walking training with or without poles: a randomized-controlled trial in middle-aged women.

The effects of walking poles on shoulder function in breast cancer survivors.

Effects of hiking pole inertia on energy and muscular costs during uphill walking.

Nordic walking--is it suitable for patients with fractured vertebra?

Field testing of physiological responses associated with Nordic Walking.

Increasing exercise tolerance of persons limited by claudication pain using polestriding.

Muscular and metabolic costs of uphill backpacking: are hiking poles beneficial?

Load carriage energy expenditure with and without hiking poles during inclined walking.

Nordic poles immediately improve walking distance in patients with intermittent claudication.

Nordic Walking Improves Health of Heart Failure Patients

Nordic Walking Study

Cooper Institute: In our Nordic Walking Study, participants were monitored and evaluated in an effort to compare oxygen consumption and energy expenditure associated with regular walking (walking without poles) and Nordic walking (walking with poles). As further detailed in Table 1, Nordic walking significantly increased oxygen consumption, caloric expenditure, heart rate, and heart rate as a percentage of maximum heart rate for both men and women without significantly affecting the rate of perceived exertion by the participants.

More specifically, Nordic walking resulted in approximately a 20% increase in oxygen consumption and energy expenditure compared to regular walking at the same speed. Thus, the implementation of upper body muscular work while walking increases the amount of calories burned. This finding has important health implications as an individual who employs walking with poles as opposed to regular walking into their regular fitness program will significantly increase the amount of calories burned particularly over an extended period of time.

Table 1. Change in Physiological Responses to Regular Walking and Nordic Walking

% Change in Men

% Change in Women

Oxygen Consumption



Caloric Expenditure



Heart Rate



% HRmax



Some other articles we like:

How Exercise Could Lead to a Better Brain (NYT 4/22/12)